The Holy SeeCatechism of the Catholic Church

Index

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Earth, 326
creation of, 198, 290 (see also Creation)
must be subdued, 307, 373, 2402-03
new, 1042-50
promised land, 1222
See also World

Easter. See Passover (Pasch)

Easter triduum, 1168

Easter vigil, 281, 1217, 1254, 2719

Eastern. See Church; Liturgy

Economy
the Church's social doctrine and, 2420-21, 2423, 2458
goals of the, 2426
inequalities and injustices in economy and their consequences, 1938, 2317, 2437
man in economic life, 2459
regulation of economy is necessary, 2425, 2431
and respect for human dignity, 2407
right to economic activity, 2429
social justice and economic activity, 2426-36
solidarity and justice in, 1941, 2438, 2440, 2832
unacceptable economic theories, 2424

Economy of salvation
beginning of the, 56, 489, 705
definitive propriety of the, 66
economy of creation and salvation in Jesus' prayer, 2604, 2606, 2746, 2758
economy of Revelation realized in words and deeds, 1103
goals of the divine economy, 122, 260
of the Law and grace frees the human heart, 2541
perversions that threaten the divine economy, 57
prayer and the, 2850
of the sacraments, 1076-1209 (see also Sacrament(s))
whole divine economy is the common work of the three divine persons, 258-59, 1066

Ecumenism
Baptism as the foundation of, 818, 1271
causes for the ecumenical rifts, 817
consequences of the ecumenical rifts, 855
effects of ecumenical dialogue, 1636
reasons for achieving ecumenical unity, 816, 819-22

Education
Christian education of children as a way of sanctification, 902
in the Christian faith as a duty and an office, 1635, 1651, 1656-66, 2685
of conscience, 1783-85
cooperation of parents in education of their children, 2206
effects and fruits of, 1839, 1917
in the faith and consequences of neglecting it, 2125
in freedom, 2370, 2526
freedom to educate children in the faith and in die political community, 2211
impediments to education of children, 1634
marriage and the education of children, 1601, 1652, 2201
parents as the first and principal educators of their children, 1653, 2206, 2372
religious formation (see Formation)
right and duty of parents to educate their children, 1653, 2221, 2223, 2372
right to make education accessible, 1908, 1911
right to receive a proper sexual, 2344
See also Formation

Elderly
family and care for, 2208
service of, 2186

End
death as the end of life on earth, 1013, 1021
God, the beginning and the end of everything, 198
of time, 682, 686, 865, 1042, 1048, 1059
See also Consummation; Fulfillment

Enemy
bodily death as man's "last enemy," 1008
hatred of one's, 1933
loving one's enemies and forgiving them, 1825, 1933, 1968, 2262, 2303, 2647, 2844
man the enemy of his fellow man, 2259

Engaged people
chastity, continence, and fidelity of, 2350
marital courtship as preparation for marriage, 1632

Enjoyment
of earthly goods, 1716, 1740
inordinate, 2351-53
of Trinitarian life, 1721-22

Envy
as a capital sin, 2538-40, 2553-54

Epiclesis
in the celebration of the Anointing of the Sick, 1519
in the celebration of marriage, 1624
effects of the prayer of, 1238, 1297
as the heart of the Eucharistic celebration, 1106
meaning of, 1105, 1109, 1353
the "Our Father" as a summary of, 2770
signs and motions in, 699

Epiphany
meaning of the, 528, 1171

Episcopacy
as participation in the priesthood of Christ, 1554
as the sacrament of apostolic ministry, 1536
See also Bishop

Episcopal body. See Episcopal college

Episcopal college
authority and, 883-84
Bishop of Rome and, 936
bishops and, 877
the Church and, 857, 869
consecration of the bishop and, 1559
expression of, 885
infallibity of, 891
particular churches and collegial spirit, 886-87

Equality
among men, 1934-35
among the Christian faithful, 872
and difference between man and woman, 369

Error(s)
aids in removing
        Good News, 2527
        Law, 1956
        Revelation, 38
as the cause of the obscured and disfigured knowledge of God, 286
consequences of man's, 844
inclination to error and its origin, 1707, 1714
Jesus' atonement for our faults, 615
in judgment, 1786, 1790-94, 1799, 1801
lying in order to lead into, 2483, 2485
purification from, 856, 2825
teaching of the faith and defense of it against, 250

Eschatology, 676, 1186, 2771, 2776
See also Death; Life: eternal life; Fullness; Hell; Judgment; Paradise
Eternity, 33, 488, 679

Ethics. See Education

Eucharist, 1322-1419
as an act of thanksgiving, 1359
as a memorial, 1357, 1362
as presence, 1373-75
as sacrifice, 1362-72
as source and summit of Church life, 1324
See also Consecration; Sacrament(s); Transubstantiation

effects of the Eucharist
        cleanses and separates us from sin, 1393-95, 1436, 1846
        commits us to the poor, 1397
        communicates the mystery of the communion of the Holy Trinity, 950, 2845
        establishes the community of believers, 805, 1396, 2637
        as a foretaste of the future life, 1000, 1326, 1402-05, 1419
        as growth in Christian life, 1392, 1397, 1644
        as an increase of the grace received in Baptism, 1392
        as the source of conversion and penance, 1436
        as spiritual food, 1212, 1275, 1436, 2837
        transforms man through Christ, 1074
        unites with Christ, 790, 1003, 1391
        unites Christians, 1398
        unites with the heavenly liturgy, 1370
        we participate in Christ's sacrifice, 1322

Eucharistic celebration
        commanded by Jesus, 1341-44, 1356
        elements in the Mass
                anaphora, 1352-54
                collection, 1351
                communion, 1355, 1382, 1570
                epiclesis, 1105, 1353
                fundamental structures, 1346
                gathering of the Christian faithful, 1348
                Liturgy of the Word, 1349
                presentation of the gifts, 1350
        Eucharistic communion
                access to Eucharist prohibited, 1650
                first Holy Communion, 1244
                frequency of, 1388-89
                minister of, 1411
                necessary preparation for receiving, 1385-87
                requirements for receiving, 1355, 1415
                sacrilege against, 2120
                under two species, 1390
        Eucharistic signs
                altar, 1383
                bread and wine, 1333-35
        Liturgy of the Word because of the impossibility of celebrating the Eucharist, 2183
        necessity of the Eucharist and receiving Communion, 1384
        participation in, 2042, 2181-82
        place for celebration of, 1180-81
        places reserved for, 1181, 1379
        Sunday, 2177, 2181
        and the unity of Christians, 838, 1398-1401

history of the Eucharist
        ancient celebration of the Lord's Day, 1342-43, 2178
        Mass of all ages, 1345
        origins of the Eucharistic celebration, 2176
        prefigurings of the Eucharist, 1094, 1335
        structure of the Eucharistic celebration preserved throughout the centuries, 1346

identity of the Eucharist
        act of thanksgiving and praise to the Father, 1358-61
        communion of the Lord's body and blood, 1097, 1382
        memorial of Christ's sacrifice, 611, 1337, 1357-58, 1362-72, 1382
        memorial of the New Covenant, 1621
        mystery of Christ's action, 2718
        presence of Christ, 1357-58
        presence of the coming Kingdom, 1405, 2861
        sacrament of
                Christian initiation, 1212, 1533
                communion, 1382, 1395
                Redemption, 1846
                sacraments, 1169, 1211
        source of charity, 864, 1395
        source and summit of Christian life, 1324-27

institution of the Eucharist
        "Do this in memory of me," 1341-44
        Jesus and, 1337-40
        purposes of, 610, 1341

minister of the celebration of the Eucharist. See Bishop; Priest/priesthood

names of the Eucharist
        the Breaking of Bread, 1329
        Daily bread, 2837
        the Eucharist, 1328
        the Eucharistic assembly, 1329
        Holy Communion, 1331
        the holy and Divine Liturgy, 1330
        Holy Mass, 1332
        the Holy Sacrifice, 1330
        the Lord's Supper, 1329
        Memorial of the Lord's Passion
        and Resurrection, 1330
        the Most Blessed sacrament, 1330
        the sacrament of sacraments, 1169, 1211
        the sacrifice of the Mass, 1330
        the sacrifice of praise, 2643

presence of Christ in the Eucharist
        enduring Eucharistic presence of Christ, 1377
        in the Eucharistic assembly, 1348
        in the Eucharistic species, 1373
        faith in Christ, 1381
        in the Liturgy of the Word, 1088, 1349
        in the priest, 1348
        significance of, 1380
        transubstantiation of Christ declared by the Tridentine Council, 1376
        true and mysterious, 1357, 1373-77
        true, real, and substantial, 1374
        veiled presence of Christ in the Eucharist, 1404
        worship of latria and the adoration of, 1378-79

Euthanasia
distinction between euthanasia and the rejection of overzealous treatment, 2278
gravity of voluntary, 2324
as morally unacceptable, 2277
significance of, 2277
See also Pain

Evangelical counsels
the Church and, 2103
Commandments and, 2053
consecrated life and, 914-16, 918, 944
eremitic life and, 920
mission and, 931
New Law and, 1973-74, 1986
religious life and, 925
secular institutes and, 929
society of Apostolic Life and, 903

Evangelical instinct, 1676, 1679

Evangelization
the Church and the missionary mandate, 849
as the Church's right and duty, 848
collaborators in, 927-33
and the liturgy, 1072
mission of the laity in, 905
missionary paths, 852-56
motive of, 851
origin and purposes of, 850
parents and the evangelization of children, 2225
and the sacraments, 1122
source of the desire for, 429
and the witness of the baptized, 2044, 2472

Eve
consequences of the disobedience of Adam and, 399, 404, 417
God's promise to, 489
Mary as the "new Eve," 411, 489, 726, 2618, 2853
original state of Adam and, 375
reparation for Eve's disobedience, 494

Events
celebration of the Advent liturgy, 524
corning of Christ, 122 (see also Advent; Consummation; Expectation)
coming of the Kingdom, 560, 570, 1720, 2632, 2660, 2817, 2857
history of salvation and events reread, 1095
second coming, 2612
See also History

Evil
aids to avoiding, 1806, 1889, 1950, 1962, 2527
attack of evil after the first sin, 401, 1707
choice between good and, 1732-33
Christ frees man from, 549, 1505
Christian faith as a response to, 309, 385
in the doctrines of Dualism and Manichaeism, 285
God's power to bring good from the consequences of, 312-13, 412
God's reign still under attack by, 671
God's victory over, 272, 410, 677
ignorance and imputability of evil committed, 1791, 1793, 1860
immorality of doing evil for the sake of obtaining the good, 1789
Last Judgment for those who have committed, 1039
leading another to, 1869, 2284
moral, 311-12
and morality of human actions, 1749-56
not wishing evil on one's neighbor, 2303, 2539
original sin as the origin of, 403, 407, 1607, 1707
physical, 310
prayer of delivery from, 2846, 2850-54 (see also "Our Father," the prayer)
providence and the scandal of, 309-14
question of the origin of, 385
reason and the discernment of good and, 1954
in the religious behavior of men, 844
repetition of evil and its consequences, 1865
resurrection of judgment, 998
sin as the gravest, 1488
turning away from, 1427, 1431, 1706, 1776
universality of evil in the history of man, 401
See also Good

Evil one
control over man, 409, 1707
exorcisms as protection against the power of, 1673
See also Demon

Examination of conscience
for receiving the sacraments, 1385, 1454, 1456, 1482, 1779
as a way to conversion, 1427-29, 1435
See also Penance; Penance and Reconciliation

Example
of the apostles, 76
bad example on the part of the Christian faithful and its consequences, 29, 1792
of bishops for sanctifying the Church, 893-94
good example as the duty of Christians, 2188, 2472
of Jesus to be imitated, 83, 520, 564, 618, 1011, 1351, 1694, 2470, 2722, 2862
parents as an example for their children, 1632, 1656, 2223
of the saints, 1173, 1195, 1697, 2683

Exclusion
from communion with God, 1445
God's love excludes no one, 605
Hell as man's self-exclusion, 1033
sin as exclusion from God's kingdom, 1861

Excommunication
as a penalty that impedes reception of the sacraments, 1463

Exegesis
office of exegetes, 119
and the right interpretation of Scripture, 116

Exile
the Church is aware of her, 769
death as exile of the body, 1005, 1681
earthly life as, 1012
Israel and, 710, 1081, 1093, 2795

Existence. See Life

Existence of God. See God

Exodus
Decalogue in the context of, 2057
liturgy and memory of, 1093, 1363
significance of bread in the context of, 1334
value of the Exodus never lost, 130

Exorcism
in the celebration of Baptism, 1237
significance and purposes of exorcism and its modes of performance, 1673
significance of Jesus', 517, 550

Expectation
of Christ's return, 1619, 2817
corning and expectation of the Messiah, 524
dead in expectation of the Redeemer, 633
hope and, 2090
Incarnation as fulfillment of, 422, 489
Israel and its expectation of the Messiah, 62, 522, 529, 706, 711-16, 840, 1334
liturgy as, 1096, 2760
Mary and the expectation of God's promises, 489
new land and, 1049
prayer and, 2772, 2854
present time as tile time of, 672
soul awaiting resurrection of the body, 997
See also Advent; Consummation

Experience
of Christian life, 6, 2038
confessor's experience of human affairs, 1466
of evil, 272, 1606
of human weakness, 1550
interpretation of the gifts and signs, 1788
spiritual director's, 2690

Expiation
Jesus as victim of expiation for human sins, 457, 604, 615-16, 1476, 1992
of sins in Israel, 433, 578
value of expiation through punishment, 2266

External expression
of the one who prays, 2702-03

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