The Holy SeeCatechism of the Catholic Church

Index

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Call
to chastity, 2349, 2359
to the Christian family, 2205-06
God's call
    of children, 2232-33
    and consecrated virgins and widows, 922
    and Decalogue, 1962
    and grace, 2000
    and Hebrew people, 839
    and man, 29, 160, 545, 2461, 2566-67
to Holy Orders, 1578
laity and the call to holiness, 941
to the unity of the Mystical Body and the Eucharist, 1396
See Vocation

Calumny (slander), 2477, 2479, 2507

Canonical. See words to which it pertains

Canonization. See Saint(s)

Capitalism
the Church's judgment on some aspects of, 2425
See also Justice; Doctrine: Social Doctrine of the Church

Cardinal virtues. See Virtue

Catechesis
Christ as the living center of, 426-27, 1697-98, 2145
and Christian initiation, 1233, 1248
and the commandments, 2065
and creation, 282
and the Creed, 188
and the liturgy, 1074-75, 1095, 1135
and the Magisterium of the Church, 2033, 2049
and popular piety, 1674
and prayer, 2688, 2695
moral catechesis of the apostolic teachings, 1971
nature and purpose of, 4-7, 426, 983, 1095, 2688
and Sacred Scripture, 132
See also Doctrine; Christian doctrine

Catechism of the Catholic Church
adaptation to different cultures, 24
as the organic presentation of the faith in its entirety, 18
pastoral principle of, 25
preparation of, 10
principal sources of, 11
purpose of, 11
structure of, 13-17
to whom it is addressed, 12

Catechist(s)
catechism intended for, 12
qualities of, 428
as teachers of prayer, 2663

Catechumenate
adults and, 1247
forms of, 1230-33
meaning and purpose of, 1248

Catechumens
and charity, 1248-49
the Church and, 1249, 1537
instruction of, 281
Lord's Prayer and, 2769
oil of, 1294
and the profession of faith, 168, 256, 1253
salvation of, 1259, 1281

Catholic. See words to which it pertains

Catholicity
bishop, Christians and, 1292
division of Christians and, 855
liturgy, traditions, and the catholicity of the Church, 1200-03, 1208
particular churches and, 832-36
preaching the Gospel and, 849

Celebration/Celebrating. See words to which Celebration refers, above all Liturgy

Celibacy
and chastity, 2349
consecrated life and, 915
Eastern Churches and, 1580
Latin Church and the celibacy of priests, 1579, 1599
single persons and pastoral care, 1658

Cemetery, 1686

Character of man, 1264, 1810

Charism
communion of, 951
of consecrated life, 924, 1175
discernment of, 801
Holy Spirit and, 688, 798, 800, 809, 1508, 2003, 2024, 2684
of infallibility, 890, 2035
of the laity, 910
significance and purpose of, 799, 800, 2003
of truth and growth in faith, 94
See also Holy Spirit

Charity
apathy and indifference contrary to, 2094
call to, 1694, 2013
catechesis and, 25, 1967, 1971
communion in, 953, 1475
destroyed by mortal sin, 1855-56, 1861, 1874
heart as the seat of, 1853
indulgence and, 1478
information and, 2489, 2494-95, 2497
as loving one's neighbor, 1822-29
"never ends," 25
offended and wounded by venial sin, 1855, 1863, 1875
wipes away venial sins, 1394, 1472
See also Love

charity and sacraments
    Baptism and, 1269, 1273, 1997, 2156, 2165
    catechumens and, 1248-49
    Eucharist as the sacrament of, 1323, 1394-95, 1416
    marriage and, 1570, 1654
    sacrament of Reconciliation and, 1434, 1466
    sacramental life and growth in, 1134
    sacraments of initiation and advancement in, 1212

charity as Christian moral life
    charisms and, 800, 2003
    chastity and, 2346
    as the form of the virtues, 826, 1827, 1841, 1844
    freedom and, 1740
    fruit of, 1825, 1829
    as the goal of our actions, 1829
    peace as the fruit of, 2304
    as the perfection of Christian life, 1844, 1973
    prayer and, 2098, 2662, 2806
    virtue of religion and, 2095

charity as witness and service
    among the members of the Mystical Body, 791
    the Church as the community of, 771, 815, 834
    deacons and the service of, 1570, 1588, 1596
    family as the school of Christian, 1657, 1666, 2204-05
    love of country and the order of, 2239
    Mary as the model of, 967-68
    material goods and the order of, 2401, 2439, 2451, 2459, 2545
    parish as a place of, 2179
    religious life and, 915-16, 926
    renunciation of violent action and the witness of, 2306
    saints as a model of, 2156, 2165
    secular institutes and, 928
    as a social commandment, 1889
    society of apostolic life and, 930
    solidarity and, 1939, 1942
    as the soul of the apostolate, 864
    towards neighbor, 1789, 1878, 1931-32, 2447, 2462

theological virtues of charity, 1813, 1822, 1826, 1841, 1844
    faith and, 162, 1794, 1814, 2093
    and the freedom of the children of God, 1828
    grace of Christ as the source of, 2011
    hope and, 1818, 2090
    as love of God and neighbor, 1822, 1840, 1844, 2055, 2086, 2093
    as loving according to Christ's love, 1823, 1825
    new Law and, 1965-66, 1968, 1972-74
    perseverance in, 1824
    as the soul of holiness, 826
    as the source of merits, 2011, 2026

Chastity
and Baptism, 2345, 2348, 2355
call to, 2337, 2348, 2394
and charity, 2346
conjugal chastity and marriage, 2365, 2368
consecrated life and, 915, 944
following Christ and, 2053
friendship and, 2347
Holy Spirit at the origin of the virtue of, 1832, 2345
and homosexuality, 2357-59
increase in, 2343
meaning of, 2395
offenses against, 2351-56, 2396
pure hearts and, 2518, 2520, 2532
stages of growth in, 2339, 2341, 2344, 2346, 2395
and states of life, 2348-50
temperance, the virtue that directs, 2341
of those engaged to marry, 1632, 2350

Children
becoming a child, 526, 2517, 2785, 2837
confession of, 1457
divorce of parents and harm to, 2385
duties of, 2197, 2199, 2200, 2214-20
duties of parents toward their, 2221-31
educating children in the faith, 5, 2688
educating children in modesty, 2524
education of the conscience, 1784
as an end of marriage and of conjugal life, 1652, 2201
first Holy Communion of, 1244
freedom to bear, 2211
as the fruit of conjugal love, 2366
Jesus and the little, 699, 1244, 1261
life must be transmitted to, 372
origin of rights and duties with respect to, 1631
as prostitutes, 2355
regulation of births, 2368
respect for the vocation of, 2232-33
sexual abuses perpetrated against, 2389
as subjects of God's Kingdom, 559
as the supreme gift of conjugal love, 1664, 2373-79
what is demanded for the good of, 1646, 2381
See also Education; Family; Marriage (Matrimony)

Children of God
adopted, 1, 52, 270, 294, 422, 654, 1709, 2009
aids to living the life of, 736, 1568, 1813, 1831, 1996, 2157, 2650, 2766
childlike abandonment of, 305, 2830
Church, mother and home of, 808, 1186
connection and unity of, 706, 831, 845, 855, 959, 1097, 1108
dignity of the, 2736
filial boldness in prayer, 2610, 2777
filial conversion to the Father, 2608
God's actions with respect to His children, 104, 239, 305
prayer of, 2565, 2673, 2712, 2766
presence of the Holy Spirit in, 742, 2639
reborn in the sacraments, 1213, 1243, 1250, 1692
sacraments as a meeting of children of God with the Father, 1153

Choice(s)
according to conscience, 1777, 1786-89, 1799
beatitudes and decisive moral, 1723
grace of Baptism as a grace of free election, 1308
hell as a free, 1033
Israel, the chosen people, 60, 762
man's freedom to choose, 311, 1470
object of choice and the morality of actions, 1755
radical choice asked of each one by Christ, 546

Chrism
anointing with sacred, 1241, 1289, 1291, 1294, 1312, 1574
Confirmation and, 1289, 1297, 1300, 1312, 1320 (See also Confirmation)
consecration of, 1297
reservation of the sacred, 1183

Christ. See also Messiah
Body of Christ
    change of the bread into, 1106, 1333, 1353, 1376, 1411, 1413
    communion and, 1385
    communion of Christian faithful in Christ and, 948, 960
    daily bread and, 2835, 2837, 2861
    death of Christ and of His body, 627, 630
    Eucharist and the, 1323, 1331, 1339, 1374-75, 1382, 1391, 1393, 1416
    glorification of Christ's body, 659
    Holy Spirit and, 797-98, 1084, 1108
    Mary and the, 466, 488, 973
    offering the sacrifice of Christ's
    body, 606, 610, 621
    resurrection of, 640, 645-46, 648, 657
    true humanity of, 476
    veneration of, 103, 141

Christ and the Church
    Christ
        beginning, foundation and Head of the Church, 2, 424, 551-53, 771, 778, 807, 864, 874
        bestows qualities on the Church, 811, 889-90
        leads the Church, 551, 852, 1547
        only gateway, 754
        origin of the Church, 424, 763-67
        origin of the Church's Magisterium, 88
        pillar of the Church, 820, 822-24, 830, 837, 869, 1076, 1547
        presence in the Church, 775, 779, 1119
        priesthood, 941, 1544-45
    the Church
        Baptism and Christ, 1261
        Body of Christ, 787-96, 805
        bride of Christ, 757, 772-73, 796, 808, 823, 867, 926, 1617
        communion with Christ, 787-89
        guardian of God's Word, 171
        sacrament of Christ's action, 118
    coming of Christ and perfection of the Church, 769
    liturgy and the mystery of Christ, 1164-65, 1201, 1204 (see also Liturgy)
    memorial sacrifice of Christ, 1341, 1358, 1362-72, 1409 (see also Sacrifice(s))

Christ's mystery made actual
    being witnesses to Christ, 942, 995, 1816
    believing in Christ, 161, 1709, 1715, 2074
    catechesis and the mystery of Christ, 90, 1075
    Christ's love, 478, 609
    Christ's mystery celebrated in the liturgy, 1174
    Christ's mystery considered in prayer, 2708
    common features of Christ's mysteries, 516-18
    communion with Christ, 957, 977, 985, 989, 1025, 1196, 1303, 1309, 1331, 1361, 1382, 1391, 1395-96, 2014, 2182
    conversion to Christ, 1426-28, 1470
    dying in Christ, 1005-14, 1681
    following Christ, 916, 918, 923, 932, 1435, 1697, 2053, 2232-33, 2253, 2466, 2708
    imitating Christ, 1694
    living according to Christ, 2046
    living in Christ, 2038
    to love Christ, 166
    man's communion with Christ, 519, 521, 562
    to be members of Christ, 1213, 1241, 1265, 1271-72, 1279
    new Covenant of Christ, 762, 781
    rising with Christ, 1002-04

mysteries of Christ's life, 512-18
    Christ's Incarnation
        born of the Virgin Mary, 487-507
        Christ, 436-40, 453
        Christ, Person of the Trinity, 249, 258-59
        Christ, the visible image of God, 241, 477, 1559
        conceived of the Holy Spirit, 437, 484-86, 490-93, 496, 498-99, 502, 504-05
        "God sent his own Son," 422
        Incarnation of the Word, 456, 461-63
        Jesus, 430-35, 45
        Lord, 446-51, 455
        only begotten Son, 441-15, 454
        preparation for the coming of Christ, 522-24
        See also Trinity; Word (Christ)
    infancy
        announcement to the shepherds, 437
        birth, 525-26
        childhood, 527-30
        circumcision, 527
        Epiphany, 528
        flight into Egypt and its significance, 530
        life in Nazareth, 531, 534
        presentation in the temple and its significance, 529
    public life
        accusations against Jesus, 574-76
        ascent to Jerusalem, 557-58, 569
        baptism, 535-37, 1223-25
        beginning of, 535
        Christ and the fulfillment of the Law, 577-82, 592
        entrance into Jerusalem, 559-60, 570
        exorcisms, 550, 1673
        healings, 517, 582, 695, 1151, 1503-05, 2616
        Jesus' brothers and sisters, 500
        Last Supper, 610-11, 1339-40
        mission of the apostles, 553, 858-60, 862, 873, 877, 935, 981, 1122, 1536, 1575
        proclamation of the Kingdom, 543-46
        temptations, 538-40, 566
        Transfiguration, 554-56, 568
    Christ's submission
        effects of, 517
        to the Father, 1009, 1019
        to His parents, 532, 564
        to the Law, 527
    prayer
        Christ hears our prayers, 2616
        Christ teaches us how to pray, 2607-15, 2621
        Jesus as the perfect example of prayer, 2620
        Jesus prays, 2599-606, 2701, 2741
        the Lord's Prayer, 2759-865 (see also "Our Father," the prayer)
        prayer of the Hour of Jesus, 2746-51, 2758
        priestly Prayer of Jesus, 2604
    preaching and its main subjects
        Beatitudes, 1716-17, 1820
        call to conversion, 1427, 1430, 1439, 1989, 2608
        charity, 1823, 2055
        Commandments, 2054, 2076, 2083
        duties to one's family, 2218
        eternal life, 2052
        forgiveness, 1933, 2262, 2842
        Gehenna (eternal damnation), 1034
        idolatry, 2113
        Jesus revealed by the Holy Spirit, 728
        kingdom of God, 541-46, 2826
        the "Last Day," 678
        love of God, 2055, 2083, 2093, 2133-34 (see also Love)
        love of neighbor, 1970, 2196
        love the poor, 2443, 2449, 2463
        marital fidelity, 2380
        matrimony, 1614-15, 2382
        oath-taking, 2153-54
        Penance and Reconciliation, 1441, 1443
        poverty, 2544, 2546
        purity, 2336
        respect for the goods of another, 2412
        resurrection, 993
        scandal, 2285
        sin, 1858
        vigilance of heart, 2730
    the Passion
        agony in Gethsemani, 612
        crucifixion and sacrifice of, 616-17
        effects of Christ's Passion, 1708, 1992, 2020
        hour of, 730
        meaning of, 713
        necessity of Christ's Passion, 607
        offering of, 621
        trial, 595-98
        union with, 1521-22, 1532
    death
        burial of Christ, 624-30
        of Christ as an offering, 606-18
        of Christ as Redemption, 573, 599-605, 619
        Christ's descent into hell, 631-37
        death of Christ and Baptism as death with Christ to sin, 628, 790, 1214
        effects and significance of, 634, 636-37
        God's saving plan and, 571-72
    Resurrection
        appearances of, 641-44, 645
        Christ's body preserved from corruption, 627
        corporeity of the risen Christ, 645-46
        day of Jesus', 1166-67, 2191
        day of Jesus' resurrection as a new creation, 2174
        different from that of others, 646
        empty tomb, 640
        the Eucharist, memorial of Jesus' death and, 1163, 1166-67, 1337
        for man's justification, 519
        and man's resurrection, 992-1004
        Old Testament, promises and Christ's, 652
        a real event historically verified, 639, 643-45, 656
        saving aspect of Jesus', 654-55, 658
        significance of Christ's, 272, 638, 651-55
        as supreme truth, 638, 651, 653, 991
        as a transcendent event, 645-48, 656
        as a work of the Holy Spirit, 648
    Ascension
        Christ's ascension as his final apparition, 659
        consequences of Christ's, 661, 663, 666-67
        glorification of Christ, 312
        significance of Christ's, 662, 664-65, 668
    coming of Christ
        the Church and the glorious coming of Christ, 769
        the Church's final trial, 675-77
        desire for and hope of, 671, 673
        last judgment and, 1038-40
        moment of, 673
        purpose of, 216, 457-58, 460, 678-79, 681-82
        renewal of the world and, 1042-43, 2818

mystery of Christ's unity
    Christ and the Holy Spirit
        Christ gives the Spirit, 667, 730-31, 739, 1287
        Holy Spirit and the mystery of Christ, 1099, 1104-07
        relation between, 739, 747, 797, 1108
    eternal Son of God
        assuming a human nature, 461-63, 485, 488, 497
        Christ as the revelation of the Father, 73, 221, 238-42, 2798
        Christ as the way to die Father, 2609
        Christ's filial prayer, 2605
        Christ's incarnation, 479, 485, 488, 497, 723
        "Firstborn among many brethren," 2790
        fulfillment of the divine plan, 128
        Mary the Mother of Christ, 508-09
        mediator of creation, 291-92
        purposes of Christ's coming, 217, 456-60
        support and guardian of the whole world, 320, 703
        what Son of God signifies, 441-45
        See also Trinity
    nature of Christ
        body, 476-77
        divine nature, 211, 447
        heart of Christ, 478
        human knowledge, 472
        human nature, 470-78, 481-82
        human will, 475
        intellect, 482
        Resurrection confirms the divinity of Christ, 653
        Son of the living God, 153
        submission to the Father, 536, 539, 606, 2600, 2824
        true God and true man, 464-69, 480-82
    spirit of Christ
        acting according to, 2752
        action of, 2832
        apostles and, 1120
        kingdom and, 2832
        See also Holy Spirit

Christ's titles
    advocate, 519
    amen, 1065
    Anointed One, 453
    bread of life, 1338, 1406, 2837
    center of the angelic world, 331, 333, 351
    center of Christian life, 1618
    center of Scripture, 112, 117, 122, 124, 126, 129, 133-34, 139, 158
    Christ, 436-40, 453, 486, 629, 690, 695, 727, 745, 783, 1289
    example, 564, 896, 1477, 2740, 2825, 2862
    example of love, 782, 1616, 1825
    example of purity, 2345, 2348, 2394
    first-born of humanity, 381, 2790
    fulfillment of the Father's will, 2824
    fulfillment of the Scriptures, 2763
    head of die People of God, Head of the Body, 747, 753, 782, 792-95, 807, 947, 1698
    heart of catechesis, 426-29
    intercessor, mediator, way to God, 51, 65-67, 257, 294, 2574, 2634
    Jesus, 430-35, 452, 2666
    judge, 1051, 1059
    King, 783, 786, 908, 2105
    Lamb of God, 608
    liberator of man from sin, 360, 420-21, 549, 976, 981-82, 987, 2637
    life, 2697
        light of nations and of men, 280, 748, 1243
        living, 625-26, 640, 662
        Lord, 202, 209, 446-51, 455, 668-69
    master of prayer, 2601, 2607-15, 2621, 2674, 2707, 2722, 2759, 2765-66, 2773, 2775
    master who teaches, 108, 561
    messenger of the Kingdom, 567, 865
    Messiah, 440, 453, 547
    mystery of salvation, 774
    new Adam, 359, 411, 504
    the one and only Mediator, 65-67, 480, 667, 771, 846
    the only Word of Sacred Scripture, 101-04
    our peace, 2305
    physician of souls and bodies, 1421, 1458, 1484, 1503-05, 1509
    Priest, 783, 1141
    prophet, 783, 904 
    purpose of the Law, 1953, 1965, 1977
    reconciliation of God with the world, 433, 620, 1449, 2795, 2839
    Redeemer, 401, 616, 622, 679, 1026, 1069, 1235, 1476, 1992
    Resurrection and life, 994
    Revelation of the Father, 73, 221, 238-42, 2798
    Revelation of God, 50, 53, 151, 240, 272, 385, 2583, 2812
    Sanctification of men, 2813
    Savior, 389, 846, 1019, 1359, 1507, 1584, 1741, 1846
    sent by God, 422, 437
    Servant, 565, 608, 623
    shepherd of men, 160, 754
    Son of David, 439, 559
    Son of God, 423-24, 441-45, 454, 1286, 2783
    Son of man, 440, 460
    source of evangelization and of preaching, 49, 74-76
    source of grace, 1642
    source of hope, 1820
    temple of God, 1197
    truth, 2466
    vine, 755, 2074
    the way that leads to the Faith, 2609
    Word, 241, 456-60

Christian
Baptism and new life of, 537, 1010, 1229, 1241, 1266, 1272, 1997
death and, 1011, 1020, 1314, 1681-82
first Christians, 83, 2636, 2641
fulfills his vocation in the Church, 2030
meaning of the name, 1289
name received in Baptism, 2165
nourishment of, 1392
prayer and, 2707, 2743
sign of the Cross and, 2157
spiritual sign of Confirmation in, 1304, 1309, 1317

Christian humanism, 1676

Christianity
religion of the incarnate Word of God and not a "religion of the book," 108

Church
angels as a help to the, 334-36
calls men to ordained ministry, 1578
commandments of the, 2041-43
family as the "domestic Church," 1655-58, 2204, 2685
filial spirit of Christians toward the, 2040
"holy and without blemish," 1426
Mary and her office in the mystery of the, 963-72, 973
Mary, Mother of the Church, 963
the missionary, 849-56
"Outside the Church there is no salvation," 846-48
perfected in glory, 769, 1042
as the seed and beginning of the Kingdom, 541, 669, 764,768
as a visible edifice, 1180, 1185-86, 2691
as a way to obtain God's pardon, 1478-79

attributes of the Church, 750, 811, 865
    one, 813-22
        because of her source, her Founder, her soul, 813
        bonds of unity, 815-16
        the Church's mission seeks unity, 855
        diversity in unity, 814, 818-19
        Eucharist as the sacrament that strengthens the Church's unity, 1416
        seeking unity by the unity already given, 820-22
        wounds to unity, 817
    holy, 823-29
        evangelical counsels as a help to holiness, 1986
        the Holy Church clasps sinners to her bosom, 825, 827, 1428
        Holy Spirit as the source of holiness, 749
        made holy with Mary, 829
        sanctified by Christ, 823-24
        soul of holiness and charity, 826
    catholic, 830-56
        by Christ's will, 831
        each particular Church as the Catholic Church, 823-35
        meaning of the word, 830
        mission as a requirement of the Church's Catholicity, 849
        relations with churches that are not, 838
    apostolic, 857-65
        nature of the Church, 863
        succession of bishops in the place of the apostles, 862
        successors designated by the apostles, 861
        three meanings of, 857

the Church and those who are non-Christians, 839
    bond between the Church and non-Christian religions, 842-44
    the Church open to men scattered and led astray, 845
    necessity of the Church to obtain salvation, 846-48
    relations of the Church with Muslims, 841
    relations of the Church with the Jewish people, 839-40

the Church and society
    the Church as the safeguard of the transcendent nature of the human person, 2245
    the Church's moral judgment in political, economic, and social matters, 2246, 2420
    political community and the Church, 244-46

the Church as communion
    of charisms, 951
    of charity, 953
    with the dead, 958
    as the deepest vocation of the Church, 959
    of faith, 949
    of God and men, 2790
    with Jesus, 787-96
    priestly community, 1119
    sacrament of Communion in the liturgy, 1108
    of saints, 946-48, 953
    with the saints, 954-57
    spiritual goods of the communion of saints as the Church's treasury, 1476

the Church as the Mystical Body of
    Christ building up of the Church, 872, 1123, 2003
    catechesis and the Church, 4
    charisms and the Church, 800
    Christ as head of the Church, 1548
    Christians as members of the Church, 521, 790, 953, 960, 1267, 1396, 1988, 2045
    the Church as the Mystical Body of Christ, 774, 776-77, 779, 787-96, 805-07, 1396
    consecrated men and women and the Church, 917
    dead and the Church, 958
    the Holy Spirit and the Church, 1105-06, 1111, 1353
    human illness and the Church, 1508
    liturgy and the Church, 1070, 1140, 1187-88
    sacraments and the Church, 774, 1116, 1123, 1267, 1279, 1621, 2040, 2782
    unity, diversity, and mission of the members of the Church, 873-74, 947

make-up of the Church
    apostles as foundation stones of the, 642
    Christ and Pus presence in the, 1380
    Christ as head and origin of the, 669, 874
    Christ provides the gifts and ministries of the, 794
    Christian faithful in the, 897-913
    hierarchical structure of the, 771, 874-87
    ordained ministries cannot be substituted for in the structure of the, 1593
    religious and consecrated life, 914, 916 (see also Life: consecrated life)
    See also Apostolic college; Episcopal college

ministry of governing
    authority of governing the Church, 553
    cooperation of the Christian faithful, 911
    collegial and personal nature of ecclesiastical ministry, 877-78
    as a ministry of service, 876, 894-95
    office of the Ecumenical Council, 884
    office of the episcopal college, 883, 885
    office of the individual bishops, 886
    office of the Supreme Pontiff, 882
    pastoral office of Peter, the apostles, and bishops as the foundation of the Church, 881

ministry of sanctifying
    bishops and priests as stewards, 893, 1118-20
    God sanctifies in Christ, 790, 805, 947, 1076, 1082, 1084, 1110-12
    means of sanctifying, 893
    ministry of the word, 2031, 2038
    prayer, 2558, 2655

mystery of the Church
    the Body of Christ, 787-96
    foundation of the truth, 171
    guardian of the deposit of faith, 171
    historical and spiritual reality, 770-71
    kingdom of priests for God, 1546, 1591
    Mother and Teacher, 2030-46
    place where each Christian fulfills his vocation, 2030
    place where we know the Holy Spirit, 688
    reconciled world, 845
    and sacrament, 774-76
    sacrament of the mission of Christ and the Holy Spirit, 738
    seed and beginning of the Kingdom of God, 541
    sign of heavenly Jerusalem, 117
    spouse of Christ, 796
    temple of the Holy Spirit, 797-98
    in the union of men with God, 772-73
    universal sacrament of salvation, 849

offices of the Church
    accomplishing the Church's mission in the world, 767, 2044-45
    accomplishing evangelization and catechesis, 7
    being an example of Christian holiness, 2030
    being the people of God, 781-86
    concern with the temporal aspects of the common good, 2420
    conversion as an uninterrupted duty, 1428
    forgiving sins, 827, 979-83, 1442, 1478
    guarding the deposit of faith, 84, 97, 175
    preserving apostolic preaching in a continuous line of succession, 77
    proclaiming the Paschal mystery, 571
    professing the faith, 172-75
    professing faith in Christ's kingship, 2105
    professing faith in one God, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, 152, 258, 738
    safeguarding the faith, 168, 171, 173
    sanctifying men, 824
    serving God, 783-86
    teaching
        authority of the Ecumenical Council, 891
        authority of the episcopal college and the Supreme Pontiff, 891, 2035
        authority extended to natural law, 2036
        catechesis and preaching, 2033
        the Church, Mother, and Teacher, 2030-46
        lay faithful in the ministry of teaching, 906
        Magisterium of the Church, 85-87 (see also Magisterium)
        ministry of teaching as the service of the Word of God, 86
        necessity of teaching in the faith, 2037
        proclaiming salvation, 2032
        significance of the term "teaching office," 890
        social doctrine, 2419-25
        Supreme Pontiff and the bishops as authentic teachers, 888, 2034
        watching over and interpreting the Word of God, 119

origin of the Church 
    apostles as foundation stones of the Church, 642
    beginning of the Church, 124, 763, 766-67, 1185
    Christ as the living stone of the Church, 552
    inaugurated by Jesus Christ, 763-66, 874
    Peter, the rock on which the Church is built, 552, 881
    in the plan of the Father, 759, 761
    prefigured from the world's beginning, 760
    prepared in the Old Covenant, 761-62
    revelation of the Church on the day of Pentecost, 767, 1076

the particular Church and the universal Church, 879, 886
    bishop as the head and responsible for the particular Church, 1369, 1560, 1594
    each particular Church as the Catholic Church, 832-35
    Eucharist as center of the life of the particular Church, 893
    parish and the particular Church, 2179, 2226
    priestly ordinations and the particular Church, 1572
    priest's responsibility for the particular Church, 1595
    those responsible for, 1594-95
    traditions of the faith and the particular Church, 83, 174, 192, 1202
    what the particular Church signifies, 833
    See also Church: attributes of the Church

symbols and figures of the Church building, 756
    figures, 507, 710, 753, 967, 2679
    Jerusalem which is above, 757
    Mary, figure of the Church, 507, 967, 972
    meaning of the word "Church," 751-52
    Mother, 169, 507, 757
    olive tree, 755
    sheepfold and flock, 754
    teacher of the faith, 169
    temple of God, 756

Circumcision
Jesus', 527
Old Covenant and, 1150

Citizens
authority and, 1901, 2242
Christians as citizens of heaven, 2796
the Church and, 2245
common good and, 1910
commutative justice and, 2411
country and, 2199
duties and, 1915, 2238-40, 2255
labor and, 2433
military service and, 2310
public life and, 1915
regulating the growth of the population, the state, and, 2372
religious freedom and, 2107
rights and, 2273
society and health of, 2288
society, relationships, and, 2212-13
Sunday worship as the right of, 2187
wars and, 2308

City
earthly city and atheism, 2124
holy city 
    and the Church, 756, 1198
    and consummation of the Kingdom of God, 1045
    and hope, 2016
    and the liturgy, 1090

Clergy. See Clerics

Clerics
sacred ministers, 934, 1174

Clothing
Baptism as the garment of immortality, 1216, 1243
and modesty, 2522

Cloud
significance of,
    in Jesus' final apparition, 659
    in Jesus' Transfiguration, 555
    in the Old and New Testaments, 697, 1094

Collaboration
among Christians for the Church's unity, 821
between God and man, and justification, 1993, 2001
between God and man and merit, 1008, 2025
of citizens and the common good, 2238
human collaboration and labor, 378
of lay people in the Church, 906, 911
See also Cooperation

Collection
and its significance, 1351

Commandment(s)
conscience and, 1777
disobeying God's command and sin, 397
faith and, 2614
five precepts of the Church, 2041-43
God's will as our, 2822
keeping, 348, 1050
Law of the Gospel and the commandment of love, 1974
liturgy and commandment of Christ, 1341
Magisterium of the Church and, 2033
Magisterium and its authority in relation to the precepts of natural law, 2036
observance of the holy days of obligation, 2180-81, 2185
proclaiming of salvation as a mandate given to the Church, 849, 2032
purposes of the commandments of the Law, 578
recognizing the precepts of divine law, 1778, 1960
revelation of the Decalogue, 2071
right to be instructed in the divine saving precepts, 2037
transgression of the commandments the Law, 577

commandment of love
    charity, 1822, 1889
    charity as Christ's new commandment, 782, 1823, 1970, 2074
    Decalogue as a statement of the commandments, 16, 1697, 2067
    evangelical counsels and, 1973-74, 1986
    as the first commandment, 575, 1337, 2055
    keeping Christ's commandments, 1824
    love of God, 2083-195
    love of neighbor, 2196-557
    Old Law and, 1968, 1984-85

Decalogue
    confession and, 1456
    conscience and, 1962
    Creed and, 1064
    demands and obligations of, 2054, 2067, 2072-73, 2081
    disobeying and sin, 1853, 1858
    division and numbering of, 2066
    eternal life and, 2052, 2075
    evangelical Law and the, 1968, 2053, 2074
    as a gift from God, 2060
    God's will expressed, 2059, 2063
    happiness as the ultimate end of, 16
    importance of, 2065, 2076, 2078
    interpretation and understanding of, 2055-56, 2061, 2077
    keeping of, 2052-53
    natural law and, 1955, 2049, 2070-71, 2080
    necessity of, 2071
    Old Covenant and, 2057, 2060-62, 2077
    Old Law and, 1980
    purposes of the, 2063
    Sacred Scripture and, 2056-63, 2078
    significance of, 1724, 1962, 2033, 2057
    significance of the word "Decalogue," 2056, 2058
    synopsis of the Ten Commandments, 2051-52
    tables of, 2058
    the Ten Commandments
        first, 2084-141
        second, 2142-67
        third, 2168-95
        fourth, 2197-257
        fifth, 2258-330
        sixth, 2331-400
        seventh, 2401-63
        eighth, 2464-513
        ninth, 2514-33
        tenth, 2534-57
    tradition of the Church and, 2064-68, 2078
    unity of, 2069, 2079

Commending the soul, 690, 1020

Commitment
chastity as a personal, 2344
of Christians, 1319, 2046
of the family in relation to the community, 2208
in marriage, 2381, 2390
missionary, 854
response of faith as, 1102, 1428
self-mastery as a long and exacting, 2342
in social interchange, 1913, 1940, 1947

Common good
action, social justice, and the, 1807, 1928, 2239, 2442
the Church and, 2246, 2420, 2458
communication, information, and, 2489, 2492, 2494, 2498
conditions of, 1907-09, 1924-25
economy and, 2425, 2429, 2432
good of each individual and, 801, 951, 1905, 2039
immigration and, 2241
international society and, 1911, 1927
law and, 1951, 1976
legitimate civil authority and, 1888, 1897-98, 1901-03, 1921-22, 2238, 2309, 2406, 2498
legitimate defense of, 2238, 2242, 2265-67, 2310, 2321
man's duties and, 1880, 2237-41, 2288
meaning and end of, 1906, 1912, 1925
obligation to promote, 1913-14, 1916, 1926
political community, the state, and the, 1910, 1927, 2239
political rights granted according to the requirements of, 2237
private property and, 2401, 2403
religious freedom and, 2109
respect for the world and, 2415
work stoppages and, 2435

Communication
between the Catholic Church and the Eastern churches, 1399
of God's goodness, 294, 947
peace and communication among men, 2304
sacramental communication of Christ's mystery, 947, 1076, 1092
of salvation, 1088
social communication media, 906, 2492-96 (see also Mass media)
of spiritual goods, 955
truth and, 1886, 2488-89, 2495, 2512

Communion
among men, 357, 775, 1445, 1702, 2419
between the divine persons, 267, 738, 1693
between man and woman, 371-72, 383, 2331-32
of the bishop with the Christian faithful, 84, 1301
catechesis and communion with Christ, 426
of charisms, 951
of charity, 953
the Church and (see Church)
of the Church of heaven and earth, 954-59
with the dead, 958, 1684, 1689, 1690
ecclesial communion 
    and the family, 2204-05
    and schism, 2089
    and sin, 1440, 1446, 1448, 1455
Eucharistic (see Eucharist)
in faith, 154, 185, 188, 949, 1102, 1209
friendship as spiritual, 2347
of the Holy Spirit, 734, 1097, 1108-09
liturgy and, 1071, 1136
of man
    with Christ, 533, 725, 787, 790, 1331
    with the divine persons, 259, 732, 737, 850, 1107
    with God, 27, 45, 54, 154, 613, 780, 1489, 1804
    with the mysteries of Jesus, 519-21
prayer as, 2565, 2655, 2682, 2689, 2713, 2799, 2801
of the sacraments, 950
sacraments at the service of, 790, 1126, 1533-35
of spiritual goods, 949, 952
of the Supreme Pontiff with the bishops, 85, 100, 816, 892, 895

Communion of saints, 946-62
diverse spiritualities and, 2684
intercession as an expression of, 1055, 2635
significance of, 1331

Community
Baptism and, 1253, 1255
of believers, 1045
celebration of funerals and, 1684, 1687
the Church as communion, 751-52, 771, 833, 899
common good and, 1910-11, 1922
Confirmation and responsibilities in the ecclesial, 1309, 1319
ecclesial community and the apostolate of the laity, 900, 910
ecclesial community and prayer, 2632, 2691, 2696
economic activity, social justice, and the human, 2411, 2426, 2428
Eucharist and the community of the Christian faithful, 1166, 1400
faith and community of believers, 1102
families in difficult situations and, 1649, 1651
first community of believers and their faith, 642, 949, 2624
forgiveness and reintegration into the, 1443
government of human, 1884, 1898, 1901, 1919, 2213
liturgy and, 1071, 1140-41, 1198
marital community and the family, 1644, 1666, 2201, 2204, 2206-07, 2249-50, 2364
mission to establish Christian, 854
parish as communion, 2179, 2226
political community
    and the Church, 2244-46
    and the family, 2209, 2211
    and the rights and duties of citizens, 2239, 2242
priesthood and the community of believers, 1546, 1551
religious freedom and religious communities, 2107
universal, 842
vocation of the human, 1877

Compassion
Christ's compassion towards men, 1503, 1506, 2448, 2571, 2575, 2715
God's, 270
man's compassion in forgiveness, 2843

Conception
of Christ, 466, 496, 498, 505
Immaculate Conception, 490-93
and respect for human life, 2270, 2273-74, 2323, 2378
and the right to life, 2322

Concupiscence
the Commandments and, 2529, 2534
fight against, 978, 1264, 1426, 2520, 2530
of the flesh, 2514, 2520
Law and, 1963, 2542
meaning and kinds of, 2514-15
original sin and, 376, 400, 405
purification of the heart and, 2517, 2530
sin and, 1869
See also Desire; Lust

Condemnation
of abortion, 2322
of adultery, 2380
authorities and condemnation of those who resist them, 1899
cause of damnation, 1037
"Eats and drinks judgment upon himself," 1385
false witness and condemnation of the innocent, 2476
of irreligion in the first commandment, 2118
the Last Judgment and, 1039
original sin and condemnation of man, 402
of polytheism, 2112
of rifts in the Church, 817
of sin, 1458
of sins, 1034

Confession. See Penance and Reconciliation

Configuration
Anointing of the Sick and configuration to Christ's passion, 1521, 1523
Baptism and configuration to the Paschal mystery of Christ, 1239
to Christ in the Christian, 1121
to Christ in Holy Orders, 1322, 1585
of penitents in Christ, 1460
of the sick in Christ, 1505

Confirmation, 1285-321
age for receiving, 1307-08
apostolate of the laity and, 900, 941
character of, 698, 1121, 1304-05, 1317
New Law and, 1210
preparation and purposes for, 1309
priesthood of the Christian faithful and, 1546
salvation and, 1286-92
significance of, 1289
state required for receiving, 1310, 1318-19
who may receive the sacrament of, 1306-11
witness and, 2472
See also Chrism; Sacrament(s)

Confirmation and the sacraments
    Christian initiation and, 695, 1212, 1275, 1285, 1533

effects of Confirmation
    increase of baptismal grace, 1303, 1316
    indelible character of, 1304-05, 1317
    the outpouring of the Spirit, 1302
    the Seal and, 698, 1121

Rite of Confirmation, 1297-301
    anointing, 695, 1242, 1291, 1294, 1300, 1523
    celebration separate from Baptism, 1233, 1290, 1321
    to be conferred only once, 1304
    godfather and godmother, 1311
    handing over of the Lord's Prayer, 2769
    Holy chrism, 1297
    laying on of hands, 1288
    minister of, 1312-14, 1318
    signs and rites of, 1293-301, 1320

Conflict(s)
armed conflicts and accumulation of arms, 2315-16
armed conflicts and the moral law, 2312, 2328
between divine law and the law of sin, 2542
between good and evil, 285
in marriage, 1606
social conflicts and economic activity, 1940, 2424, 2430

Conjugal fidelity, 1646-51, 2364-65
concubinage and, 2390
divorce and conjugal fidelity of a spouse who has abandoned the sacrament of Matrimony, 2386
gift of the Holy Spirit, 1624
motive for, 1647-48
obligation of, 1643-44, 1646, 2363
separation and, 1649
significance of, 2365
witness of, 1611, 2223

Conscience, 1776-802
authority and, 1903
conduct, choices, and, 1786-89, 1799
conversion and, 1435, 1453, 1797, 1848
definition and significance of, 1776, 1778, 1795
divine law and, 1706, 1776, 1778, 1786-87
erroneous judgment and, 1790-94, 1801
faith and, 160, 162, 1802
forgiveness of sins and, 1454, 1468, 1493, 1496
formation of, 1783-85, 1798, 1802
hearing the voice of, 1779, 1800
human dignity and moral, 1700, 1780, 2524
judgment of, 1777, 1800
mass media and the formation of, 2496
moral reparation and duty of, 2487
morality of human acts and, 1749, 1751, 1796 (see also Human act; Morality)
prudence and, 1806
refusal to bear arms for reasons of, 2311
responsibility for acts and, 1781
right to act in accordance with, 1786-89, 1799, 1907, 2106, 2242, 2256
right to act in freedom of, 1782
rights, duties, and conscience, 912
salvation and, 847
sin and offense against right, 1849, 1860, 1865
voice of, 33, 46, 1706, 1776, 1779, 1795, 2071

Conscientious objection. See Refusal to obey

Consecration
and the anaphora, 1352
and anointing, 1294
of bishops, 1556-59, 1562
and blessing, 1672
and Holy Orders, 1538
of Jesus, 438, 534
of the laity, 901
and mission, 931-33
and the priesthood of Christ, 1548
and sacraments, 1535
of the sacred chrism, 1297
and the state of consecrated life, 916, 931
of virgins (liturgical rite), 923
See also Transubstantiation

Consubstantial
Holy Spirit consubstantial with the Father and the Son, 685, 703
Son consubstantial with the Father, 242, 262, 467, 663
Trinity and consubstantial communion, 248, 253, 689, 2789
See also Trinity

Consummation
Christ's prayer and the consummation of time, 2749
of the Church, 759, 769, 778, 1042
of creation in the resurrection, 1015
of creation on the seventh day, 345
of the divine plan, 686
Eucharist as consummation of the sacrifices of the Old Covenant, 1330
full consummation of good at the end of the world, 681
of God's will and prayer, 2750, 2857
of God's word in Mary, 484, 497, 2676
of God's work in Christ, 2749
of history and creation in Christ, 668
of hope in the coining Messiah, 676
of human dignity in the vocation to divine beatitude, 1700
of the Law in Christ, 577, 580-82, 592
of the Law in love, 1706, 1829, 2055, 2196
of marriage consent, 1627, 2366
mystery of salvation and its, 1107
of the new heaven and the new earth, 1045
of the Old Covenant figures, 1093, 1152, 1544
of the Old Law, 1967-68, 1984, 2053
of Revelation in Christ, 67, 75, 134, 561, 652, 729
Sunday as consummation of the sabbath, 2175-76
See also Fulfillment

Contemplation
the Church and, 771
Eucharist and, 1380
man's contemplation of God, 1028
man's contemplation of Jesus, 2715
prayer and, 2651, 2687
of sacred icons, 1162

Continence
and chastity, 2349
and divorce, 1650
effects of, 2340
of engaged persons, 2350
fertility and, 2370
and the fruits of the Spirit, 1832
prayer and, 2520

Contraception
love of spouses, a mind open to life, and birth regulation, 2370
regulation of births and, 2399

Contract
economics, contracts, and good faith, 2410
governing human communities and fidelity contracts, 2213
marriage (see Adultery; Marriage (Matrimony))

Contrition, 1451-54. See also Penance and Reconciliation: acts of the penitent

Conversion
accomplishment of, 1435
call to, 160, 545, 981, 1036, 1428
catechumenate leads conversion to maturity, 1248
Christian initiation and, 1229
conscience and, 1797
erroneous judgment and lack of, 1792
evil as a way to, 385, 1502
fragility of human nature and, 1426
gift of the Holy Spirit, 1098, 1433
grace and, 1991, 2000, 2010, 2027
of heart and the prophets, 2581-84, 2595
of heart and Sermon on the Mount, 2608
human presumption and, 2092
interior conversion essential to social change, 1886-89, 1896
John's baptism of conversion, 720, 523, 535
justification and, 1989, 1993
the kingdom and, 1470, 2612
necessity of conversion of the heart, 821, 1430-33, 1856, 1888, 2608-09, 2708
Old Law and, 1963
penance and, 1422-23, 2042
prayer and, 2708, 2731, 2754, 2784
process of conversion and repentance, 1439
rejection of, 591
of St.Paul, 442
of St. Peter, 1429
sin, conversion, and purification, 1472, 1486, 1856
sources of, 1436-37
various forms of penance and, 1430-32, 1434
visible effects of, 1430, 1440
what is necessary for, 1490, 1848

Cooperation
in abortion, 2272
civil authorities and, 2236
man's cooperation
    with God's grace, 1993
    with God's plan, 306, 2062, 2738
    with the work of Christ, 970, 2632
    with the work of the Spirit, 1091, 1108
Mary's cooperation with God, 488, 501, 968, 2675, 2682
of parents within the family, 2206
in suicide, 2282
in the use of harmful drugs, 2291
See also Collaboration

Co-responsibility
and the common good, 2240

Council(s)
catechesis and, 9
creeds and, 192
episcopal college and, 884, 887, 891
faith and, 250

Counsel
as a gift of the Holy Spirit, 1303, 1831

Covenant, New
altar and, 1182
apostles as priests of, 611, 859, 1337
Christ as the definitive covenant of God, 73
Christ as the sole priest of, 662, 1348, 1365, 1410
Christ's death as the Paschal sacrifice of, 613
Church and, 759, 778, 796, 839, 840 
cup of, 612
Eucharist and, 610, 611, 1339, 1365, 1410, 1846
Jesus' circumcision as a sign of, 527
Old Law and, 577, 1964, 2056
place of worship and, 1179
prayer in, 2565, 2607, 2614, 2771, 2787, 2801
prophets and expectation of, 64
sacraments and, 1091, 1116, 1129, 1222, 1541
Sunday worship and, 2176
See also New Testament

Covenant, Old
Abraham and, 72, 992, 2571
Commandments and the meaning of, 2061-63
Decalogue and, 2057, 2077
God and the Covenant with His people, 238, 781, 1102, 1612, 2058
heart as the place of, 2563
Law and, 346, 709, 2060-63, 2070
liturgy and, 1093, 1156
man called to a Covenant with his Creator, 357
offering of bread and wine and, 1334
permanent value of, 121
prayer and the Covenant between God and man, 2564, 2567, 2569, 2713, 2795, 2829, 2841
prefigurations and, 1217, 1223, 1544
preparations for Christ in the Covenant, 522, 762
priesthood and, 1539, 1542, 1544
sabbath as a sign of, 2171
signs and symbols of, 1145, 1150-52, 1334
Sinai Covenant, 62, 204, 2810
See also Old Testament

Creation
Apostles' Creed and faith in God the Creator, 325-27
beauty and goodness of, 299, 341, 353, 1333
catechesis about, 282-89
Christ's relationship with, 792, 2105, 2637
fulfillment of, 668, 1015
God keeps in being, 421
God as the master builder of, 317, 337
God's plan and, 257, 280, 315, 759, 1066
God's providence and, 216, 301, 314
God's revelation and, 287-89, 337
good of creation intended for all, 299, 2402, 2452
Holy Spirit and, 243, 291, 703
human dignity and, 1700
human work as man's collaboration in, 2427, 2460
imperfection of, 302, 307, 310, 378
as an inheritance entrusted to man, 299
knowing God through, 31, 32, 1147, 2500
man's relationship with, 343, 355, 396, 1469
marriage in the order of, 1603-05
new creation in Christ, 315, 374
original sin and, 400, 1608
prayer and, 2569, 2793
purposes and reasons of, 293-94, 314, 319, 353, 358
respect for the integrity of, 354, 2415-18
role of the Word of God in, 291, 320
seventh day and, 2169, 2190
significance of, 326
thanksgiving to God for, 1352, 1359-60
Trinity and, 258, 290-92, 316

Creator. See God

Creature(s)
angels and, 350
attachment of the soul to, 1394, 1472
Baptism makes a new, 1214, 1265-66, 1999
beauty, goodness, and perfection of, 32, 339, 2500
destiny of, 260, 353
God and the origin of, 293, 327
God's presence in, 300, 308
interdependence of creatures with each other, 340, 344
limitations proper to, 311, 385, 396, 1998
love of God and love of, 2069, 2093, 2095, 2113
message of creation points to the existence of God, 46, 48
participation of creatures in God's goodness, 295, 319
providence and the collaboration of, 301, 306, 312, 321, 323, 342, 373, 1884
relationship between creatures and man, 343
relationship between God and, 42-43, 239, 295, 356, 441, 1703
respect for, 1930, 2416
submission of creatures to God, 49, 213, 396, 2097, 2628
and their likeness to God, 41, 2500

Creed/symbols of faith, 14, 184, 187-88, 197
Apostles' Creed, 194, 196, 2558
baptismal creed, 189
change throughout the centuries, 192-93
component parts of the Creed, 190-91
composition of the Creed, 186
God in the Creed, 199
meaning of the Creed, 188
Nicene Constantinopolitan Creed, 195
of the profession of faith, 187, 192
reciting the Creed, 197

Cremation, 2301

Cross
as the altar of the New Covenant, 1182
Christ's reign extended by the way of, 853
effects of the sacrifice of, 617, 813, 1505, 1741, 1992, 2305
Eucharist as the ever present sacrifice of, 1323, 1364-66, 1382
kingdom of God established through Christ's, 550
kingship of Christ and, 440
responsibility for the pain of, 598
sacrifice of the Cross and acceptance of it, 561
sacrifice of the Cross as an example of solidarity and charity, 1939
Sign of the Cross 
    beginning of the day and of activities with, 2157, 2166
    sacramentals and, 1668, 1671
    significance of, 1235
    taking up and bearing one's own, 1435, 1460, 1615, 1642, 2029, 2427
    as the way to follow Christ, 555, 1816
    as the way to holiness, 2015

Cruel practices, 2297-98

Culture
catechesis and diversity of, 24, 854
as the common good, 1908
freedom and, 1740
Gospel and, 2527
liturgical celebrations and, 1145, 1149, 1204, 1207, 1668, 1686
marriage and, 1606
moral life and, 909, 2524
natural law and, 1957
progress of culture and growth of the Kingdom, 2820
public life, participation, and, 1915, 1917
respect for cultural identities, 2441
social communication and, 2493
socialization and, 1882
solidarity and, 361
unity of the Church and diversity of cultures, 814
work, rest, and, 2184

Cup
Jesus and the cup given him by his Father, 607
of the New Covenant and the Eucharist, 612, 1334-35, 1339, 1365, 1396, 1412
religious significance of sharing, 1148

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